How do the increasing number of robots affect economy and employment?

In these pages of our journal, I have been trying to give place to our articles concerning the effects of the industry 4.0, robotization and employment in the industry in each issue. I also try to share all the data which we’ve reached in the international literature in this subject.

The number of the robots that were set up in the industrial sectors in the world, extended to 1 million 600 thousand as of 2015. Till the beginning of this century, the number of the robot facil- ity established in one year, was about 50 thousand. This number in the 2010s, was extending 250 thousand in a year. The below table which we’ve compiled from the Nations UNCTAD data, are showing how this tempo increases in favor of the robots every year and how their distributions are exhibited on the basis of country economies. According to the UNCTAD data, as of 2015, approximately the two third of the 1.6 million of robot stock is established in “the developed countries.” Here Japan and USA are taking the lead. The Asia countries in the “Developing Countries,” are almost the sole unrivaled leader of this group.

The share of the People’s Republic of China in the total robot stock is 15%, however, the 27% of the new set-up robots with the investments done in recent years, are being realized in this country. With this performance of it, China is taking the lead in the new robot installation. In future years, these numbers shall also increase in new countries with different ratios which joined in these technologies again in favor of these robots and the human employment in production and the number of labor shall decrease more, due to both the automation, the artificial intelligence and the robot productions.

Again according to another data which we’ve compiled from the IRF, according to the latest IFR numbers of the International Robots Federation (IFR) which were calculated and published in regular intervals, the global average in the manufacturing industry is in 74 robot unit per 10.000 per- sonnel. In the year of 2015, this number was 66 units.

According to IFR, the most automatic country are respec- tively, the South Korea, Singapore, Germany, Japan and Sweden. And Denmark, the USA, Italy, Belgium and Taiwan are following these. Currently, China still has the most rap- idly growing robot industry in number 23 in respect of the robot intensity.

According to the IFR data till the year of 2020, over 1.7 mil- lion industry robots shall be set up in the factories across the world. And also, Germany expects a growth of annually 5% in the robot sector .

 

The UNCTAD data shows how the set-up robots are changing the quality of the labor force. According to this, with the number of the set-up robots as per every ten thousand worker that are employed, the Korea is the world leader with 370 items. And Japan is following it with 320 robots, and Sweden with 170 . In Turkey, the number of robots as per ten thousand workers that are working in industry, is 18. The robots’ gradually beginning to take the place of first the unqualified and then the qualified labor force in the industry sector, is also changing the quality of the business, as well. We encounter with the labor force’s leaving the unqualified works and gradually orienting towards designing, innovation, Research & Development and intense information technologies as an inevitable process.

A brief note for Turkey: Turkey throughout its last ten years, has been reserving approximately 14% of its national income to housing construction every year. This number means a 1 billion dollars’ of construction investment in total with an accumulation of ten years.