Technology is not developing at the same rate anymore, on the contrary it accelerated. It’s enough to look at the chronology of technological revolutions to understand this better.
Industry 1.0: First machines with the development of steam engines (1780s)
Industry 2.0: Mass production (1880s)
Industry 3.0: Digital, electonical equipments (1980s)
Industry 4.0: Establishment of siber-physical systems (2010s)
Industry 5.0: Humanless Technologies for the society
Japans initiated technology for the society movement and announced that artifical intelligence and robotics technologies will be enhanced and used for elder care and in workforce.
For the Japanese, Industry 5.0 in a revolution for people that can do what humans can’t and inspire human creativity.
During CeBIT 2017, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that ‘technology should be embraced by the society as an aid rather than a threat’ during his speech on Society 5.0. After the exhibition, Abe started the new age after Industry 4.0 revolution under the name of Society 5.0 in Tokyo.
Super genius society
Shinzo Abe proposes Society 5.0 by evaluating the demographical, economical, ethical and sociological effects of digitalization and innovations in robotics. Super Genius society model is introduced which enables the most efficient connection
between humans and machines.
In this context Industry 5.0 represents the transition from information society to super genius society.
With Industry 5.0 concept, he defines the transition to a super-intelligent society. Integrating the technological renovations that Industry 4.0 had brought, the Industry 5.0 is considered to be a revolution in removing the threats and problems for the future of the country.
On the other hand, there are different interpretations of the Industry 5.0.
According to a study by a consulting firm, Industry 5.0 is a movement that can bring back the human factor to production and they call it co-laborative industries. In this regard, 85% of the producers expects the collaboration with robots in their production process. The study also shows that the products that are produced in higher volumes are far more better in the standart time course, the ones that are specially cared to add ‘some unique touch’ tend to need so much more guidance. This situation shows that the human factor needs to return to production processes.
Collaborative robots, suitable with human labourers, complements each other. As a result, in this way humans that work with robots have a higher chance to demonstrate their creativeness in more complicated projects.
For example: the biggest dairy products producer of Iceland made a statement that one UR5 robot have already replaced three human labourers.
The collaborative robots being easily programmable and secure, having certain flexible characteristics; eases the process of robot-human collaboration and helps seeing progress in the industry easier. According to the director, this collaboration holds infinite opportunities for the future.
Private Sector has to understand very well the industrial transitions
According to the study of TÜBİTAK, the maturity level of our industry stands between somewhere between Industry 2.0 and Industry 3.0. So we are at Industry 2.5. Acknowledging that the business world is at Industry 2.5, they have to speed up their investments. Let us not forget that the Industry 2.5 scale is relevant in many ways such as human management and corporate perception. It is crucial that the public and private sectors and the universities puts effort to ease the process of understanding the industrial era transitions.
Roads for innovative thinking should be opened
Our society needs to understand the 5.0 ideology. It should be perceived as not only as something that empowers the technology but as an ideology that enhances the life standards of the society. It is known that the economical development rates of a country is correlated with the development and its capacity of innovation and technology production capacities. Children and young adults should be encouraged to question, try and experiment with new ideas.
Every country should develop their own strategies
Cengiz Özden, Head of the Administration Council of Doruk Automation, thinks that the perception of Industry 4.0 as a new technology is actually wrong and continued as: ” This strategy was presented to secure and provide development to the German industry. Advanced concepts that are developed around this strategy attracts attention. He also mentioned that every country needs to develop their own Industry 4.0 strategies in accordance with their own needs.’
Production that answers customer’s needs
Ömer Faruk Özer, director of Arçelik Technology and Industry 4.0, told that they planned the future focusing on the customer. Özer continued as “We are developing our production systems and products according to the response we see from our customers. That’s why Arçelik is moving towards the smart products and smart product services. For example, we have fridges in South Africa that work with solar-power and fridges that are specially designed to keep rice fresh in China. All of our product change very rapidly in IoT matters. Soon, you will see that every market will have internet-connected products.”
Incubator centres attract investors
Teknopark Istanbul Vice Manager İsmail Arı talked about Teknopark’s recent activities. With close to 50 ongoing projects told the press that ‘Our incubator centre employs 60% of its workforce with experts holding a doctorate or masters degree, who currently Works on high technology concepts. Investors are tailing us because of this opportunity. During the last 3-4 years, 3 million euros were invested to firms in our incubator. 3rd industrial revolution has been completed with automation and Industry 4.0 will help manufacturing grow in wisdom. Components of this smart manufacturing will be sensors, internet of things and cloud computing.’
Costs will decrease with future technology
During the seminary, BTM director İbrahim Elbaşı talked about the concept of Industry 4.0. His remarks included how new era will prosper with cyber physical products, internet of things, cyber security, meta data, virtual reality, artificial intelligence, system integrations and cloud systems.
According to Elbaşı, these systems will bring together larger volumes, manufacturing capacity, smart factories, digitalization and also high optimization. His final remark was, ‘Industry 4.0 will completely eliminate faulty products, workforce costs, environmental hazards, breakdowns in control and auditing as well as waste of resources.
Blue collars will become white collars
During his presentation on Industry 4.0 opportunities in Turkey, Özgür Akın, Akınsoft chairman of the Board, said that ‘It is said that one of the biggest disadvantages of Industry 4.0 will be unemployment. I think this is a wrong assumption because this process will turn blue collars, who currently does monotoneus work, into white collars. This means Industry 4.0 will create opportunities for more qualified line of businesses rather than unemployment. But where do we stand as a country in this process? Our country doesn’t have internet Access. How will machines communicate as though humans can’t right now? If we look at the developed countries average download speed is 50 Mbits and upload speed is 20 Mbits. On the contrary these are 10 Mbits and 2 Mbits respectively in Turkey.’